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Data Presentation

17.8.2018, , Zdroj: Verlag Dashöfer

2501
Data Presentation

Edward Thomas

1. NUMBER WORK

Look at the numbers below. Can you fit them into the sentences which follow and describe them using the words below them?


A) 50%, B) €15,000, C) 1400 2432 782, D) 38 degrees C, E) 182 kph, F) 4 1/4, G) 9.69, H) 970km, I) 4/7/1776, J) 1L, K) 7am, L) 100kg
1) time, 2) date, 3) distance, 4) fraction, 5) weight, 6) temperature, 7) decimal, 8) percentage, 9) telephone number, 10) amount of liquid, 11) speed, 12) sum of money

1. It's approximately …………………………… from Land's End to John O'groats.

2. When I was about ……………………………, my mother took me to see the Queen.

3. Just ring …………………………… and we'll do the rest for you!

4. Today, lots and lots of people carry around these …………………………… bottles.

5. On …………………………… America decided to go its own way.

6. The record in the UK is approximately …………………………… - too hot for me!

7. He was caught travelling at …………………………… - way over the limit!

8. The majority of people get up at around …………………………….

9. When you are …………………………… you are probably too fat- it depends on your height though.

10. There is a reward of …………………………… for information about the missing dog.

11. …………………………… seconds is the time it takes the world champion to run 100m.

12. …………………………… is the top rate of income tax at the moment.

Correct answers are here1

2. FACTS AND FIGURES IN USE

There are quite a lot of ways to bring facts and figures into our dealings with others. One is through illustrations. Can you match the types of illustration on the left below to the type of data they can show, described on the right?


a) Line graph i) a display of numbers and raw data
b) Pie-chart ii) the steps in a process in their logical order
c) Table iii) the workings of a machine; how it is constructed
d) Figure / diagram iv) the progress of trends over time
e) Bar chart v) the proportion of 100% of something which each group has - a picture like a cake with slices
f) Flow chart vi) the comparison of different groups to show relative sizes

Correct answers are here2

a) Quote i) demonstrate
b) Analyse ii) cite
c) Show iii) emphasise
d) Highlight iv) show why
e) Focus on v) see
f) Notice vi) point out
g) Underline vii) examine
h) Explain viii) evaluate

Correct answers are here3

Nb.

Be careful when you use these words. We could use the sentence „you can see” but we would be unlikely to say „you can notice” – even though notice and see can be synonyms. We don't usually use „notice” with modal verbs like „can” to show ability to do something. We might use it with „will”. For example: „looking at the graph, you will notice...” etc.

3. THE PRESENTATION

Look at the presentation below by Alistair Sweetheart, leading economic minister of a major western government. Can you put the verbs below into the right gaps? A letter is often given to you to help.


A) quote, B) analyse, C) show, D) highlight, E) focus on, F) explain, G) notice, H) underline, I) demonstrate, J) cite, K) emphasise, L) show why, M) see, N) point out, O) examine, P) evaluate

If we look at the chart above, you will 1. ……………………………4 that the figures for public borrowing are very high. However, I would like to 2. ……………………………5 the fact that this is part of a cycle of borrowing and that the cycle will reverse over time. Tax receipts, I would 3. ……………………………6, are lower at the moment because, as you can 4. …………………………… from the graph beside the chart, consumer spending has plummeted in recent months, reaching, I would like to 5. …………………………… ……………………………7, an all time low. That in part 6. ……………………………8 why Government debt is so high, and it 7. …………………………… …………………………… we are acting to raise taxes dramatically – with terrible political effects. In fact, my government‘s popularity has reached dangerously low levels. To 8. ……………………………9 one commentator: „government‘s poll numbers have fallen by 25% in one year- not a bad record!”. Well, I could 9. …………………………… many more commentators like that as well! Now I would like us to 10. …………………………… ……………………………10 a graph which 11. ……………………………11 just how bad things are. If we 12. ……………………………12 it in detail, we can see that real levels of debt are much higher than I might have told everyone before – they have rocketed up by 79% in the last year! This 13. ……………………………13 that the economy is really in a very bad situation. I have been 14. ……………………………14 the situation for a long time and I have taken time to 15. ……………………………15 the data and I should know! On the whole, this whole situation 16. ……………………………16 the need to elect competent and experienced politicians like myself for at least the next decade or two.

Thank you for you attention, ladies and gentlemen.

Correct answers are here17

4. UPS AND DOWNS – DESCRIBING TRENDS

In exercise 3 we saw Alistair Sweetheart talking about trends. There is a lot of language to describe this. It is especially used to describe the stock markets. Here we will expand our range of vocabulary to describe trends.

Look at the verbs in the box below. Can you find the antonyms for them and put them in the sentences which follow? Some possible antonyms are in the box below the exercise. Use each verb only once.


fall, plummet, improve, go up, raise, bottom out, get better, slow down

1) Petrol consumption is …………………………… all the time due to increased car ownership.

2) The housing market …………………………… in 2003. Now it's falling back down from that high point.

3) The situation in the North of Sudan has …………………………… as fighting has increased.

4) It is likely that interest rates will …………………………… …………………………… to encourage consumer spending.

5) As you can see, the state of public finances has been …………………………… …………………………… recently - from € 18bn debt to € 29bn.

6) The European Central Bank is very likely to …………………………… interest rates to help highstreet shops.

7) The rate of repossession of houses has been …………………………… …………………………… over the last three months. There are more and more every day.

8) Share prices in P & P have …………………………… after suggestions that they could be taken over.

deteriorate, peak, rocket, speed up, lower

Correct answers are here18

Now look at the word below and match them to the descriptions

1) Level off (verb) A) when the market falls to its lowest point it reaches ...
2) Stable (adj) B) as a trend becomes less extreme it ...
3) The bottom C) when things change in a predictable way they are ...
4) Steady (adj) D) when things start to improve after going badly they ...
5) Pick up E) when they don't change at all they are...

Correct answers are here19

5. ON THE UP OR GOING DOWN?

In very informal English, to be „on the up” means to be going up, or rising.

Look at the graph below. It shows the (fictional, but maybe realistic!) changes in numbers of people using the internet and newspapers over a period of ten years. There are five categories - overall internet usage, music online, newspapers online, newspapers (hard copies), and entertainment/film. Study the trends and answer the true or false questions which follow.

x = 10 year period

y = percentage of public using each media

graph 1 = overall internet use

graph 2 = music via internet

graph 3 = newspapers online

graph 4 = film/entertainment online

graph 5 = newspapers bought (hard copies)

Which of the below sentences are true about what the graph above says, and which are not (false)?

True or false:

1) In year 1, overall internet use was going slowly up.

2) In year1, newspapers bought were stable at high levels.

3) In year 6, newspapers bought plummeted.

4) In year 7, overall internet use began to level-off.

5) In year 9, music via the internet rocketed.

6) Between years 4 and 6, internet use rose dramatically.

7) Newspapers online went up and down through the whole period.

8) Newspapers online went up significantly in years 9 and 10.

9) Music use rose significantly in years four and five.

10) Music use began at quite low levels.

Correct answers are here20

Now, using the language learnt so far, describe the trend in use of the internet for film and entertainment. Use at least three descriptive sentences.

How has your internet usage changed over the last ten years? Could you describe your own personal trendlines? Have you ever watched a film online? Or perhaps the news? Or listened to the radio? Or downloaded clips? Summarise in the general terms given to you by the graph. NB, unlike in the examples, when we talk about the past up to now we use the present perfect (have + past verb). This means we say things like „my use of internet video has increased a lot in the last couple of years”- for example.

6. POLL ANALYSIS

Look at the text below from a presentation of polling data. Can you put the paragraphs in the correct order. The highlighted words will be considered later...

A) Now, a recent survey looked at more personal qualities, focussing especially on the social interaction of a country's people with visitors. For example, we might ask a respondent - one of the people who we interviewed - if the people of the country they visited „smiled and wanted to show them things”. They were asked how true that statement was for their host-country and could answer 1 for very true, and 2 for quite true, up to 5 for completely untrue. That question, among others, would give us a value for „hospitality”.

B) For instance, as I mentioned just now, it is said that Germans are organised. On a more personal level, according to our research, 94%

 
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