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Otázky a procvičení k 26. lekci

20.8.2018, Zdroj: Verlag Dashöfer

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Otázky a procvičení k 26. lekci

ACTIVE EXERCISE – THE LONG PATHWAY TO LAW

Below there is a description of what the politicians call The Co-decision Procedure, which is the most common way that EU law is made. Read and answer the questions which follow.

The Co-decision Procedure

First of all the Commission makes its proposal - but before this there is a long period of „consultation” where the Commission gets the views of many organisations. Anyway, we'll call this

Step 1: The Commission proposal

Next, the European Parliament has a „first reading” of the proposal. There is no time limit, and a committee of MEPs, working with a „Rapporteur”, is given the job of analysing the proposal and getting ready an „opinion” which may include „amendments” (changes) When this is done the Commission gives its view of the opinion, and the Parliament votes on it.. We'll call this

Step 2: Parliament's opinion

At the same time as Parliament is discussing the proposal, there is a „first reading” in the Council, with the help of „working groups” of experts from member states who report to a permanent body called „Coreper”. They finalise their position when the opinion of Parliament is known, and the Commission has given its view. The Council votes by „qualified majority” if the Commission is happy with the amended proposal, but must be „unanimous” if the Commission is unhappy. This process is called

Step 3: The first reading in the Council

If the Council is unhappy with the proposal, it adopts a „common position”, and this goes to Parliament. The Commission gives Parliament their view on the common position. Parliament then has three months in which a committee prepares the common position - perhaps amending some parts - for a vote of all the MEP's. Approval for the common position requires an „absolute majority” of MEPs - more than half of the total number of MEPs (367 of 732 currently). If no amendment is made, the common position is adopted and the „act” „ratified” (passed), thus ending

Step 4: The second reading in Parliament

What Parliament changes (amends), the Council vote on by „qualified majority”. If the Commission doesn't like some of the amendments (changes), the whole Council has to agree, making a „unanimous” agreement.

 
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